Shrine or temple? The Quickie Guide

You’re craning your neck to see some gorgeous gold-leafed carving, and suddenly you’re overcome with traveler joy. “Isn’t this the most gorgeous…?” Uh oh. Shrine or temple? Because you know that temples are Buddhist and shrines are Shinto (and you don’t want to be that tourist) but which is which? Shrines and temples can both be plain-wood-and-gold or fancy-red-and-gold, but here’s how you can tell which is which, at a glance.

As you enter, you’ll pass through a gate and encounter some guardian figures

And once you can see the buildings, here are the differences:

And as you wander around the grounds, you’ll see these differences:

Another way to tell if it’s a shrine or a temple: the name

Temple names end in -ji, -dera, -tera, or –in (which means it’s also a monastery/convent for training nuns and priests)

Shrine names end in –jinja, -tenjin, -gu or -mangu

Trick question: Why are there shrines on the grounds of so many temples?

Basically, if you ask Japanese people if they are Buddhist, 84% will say yes. And if you ask them if they’re Shinto, 73% will say yes. Which…adds up to more than a hundred, because most people practice both. The eight million Shinto gods take care of people while they’re alive (which is why coming-of-age ceremonies and weddings all take place at shrines), but Buddhism takes care of them after they die (which is why there are never graveyards at shrines, only at temples).

But Shintoism is indigenous to Japan, so shrines were there first. As the temples grew around them, Everyone continued to honor the old gods, even after they became practicing Buddhists.

Know someone who’s planning a trip to Japan? If you think this might be useful to them, share it!And if you’d like fun stuff spicing up your email from time to time, subscribe to The Tokyo Guide I Wish I’d Had, and I’ll send you all the hidden treasures, travel hacks and best of the best, the minute I post them!

It’s easy: Scroll down to the subscribe button, enter your email, and push the button. You can unsubscribe at any time, of course, and I promise: no ads and no sharing of your information EVER.

 

2 Replies to “Shrine or temple? The Quickie Guide”

  1. Thanks for the guide. The difference between a Shrine and a Temple can be quite confusing, especially when visiting Japan. In Vietnam, there is a difference between pagoda and temple as well.

    1. That’s so interesting! I didn’t know that. How are pagodas and temples different in Vietnam?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s